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其他 从中医观点谈喝水(中英文)

时间:2014.10.29 10:10 23 0 0

    我无数次在讲座和体验营中说,中医的原则:不渴不饮,饮必热饮。现代人乱喝水和饮料如同着魔。科学不是真理,但很多人却以为是,这是把科学宗教化的结果,简称“科学教”。Rachel本是一个软件工程师,她的文章值得大家深思。
 


 

    在健康养生信息铺天盖地的今天,我们时时看到某健康杂志都推荐人一天要饮八杯水,某养生频道建议一天饮用八杯水的同时,还会建议最佳的饮水时间。好像,一天饮八杯水,你的肝肾才会健康,精力才会充沛,可事实是不是这样呢?也许这时你已在自问:为啥我喝不下去,怎么都不觉得渴,必须强制自己去把水喝完?而且喝水后还不停的上厕所,这是排毒吗?这个健康吗?                    

    更有甚者,我有一朋友的太太,是个老外,小腹凸起(从外一看就知道身上有水饮了),气色偏暗,在朋友聚会时讲自己不喜欢喝水,从生了小孩后感觉膀胱屯不住尿似的,但是为了健康,不得不强迫自己喝很多水,当然了,副作用是要不停地跑厕所。
 

    那么,从中医的角度,我们是怎么认识喝水的呢?
 

    一句话,中医认为人要尊重自己的感觉,假设不渴,就不要喝;渴的话,最好是喝温开水,不应该是喝冰水,咖啡,或者可乐之类的。
 

    这个建议背后主要有两个原因:

    1. 任何进入人体的食物饮料要能被人体吸收,都是要消耗人体的阳气的。水当然也不例外。中医为什么不建议喝冰水(冰水这个课题我这么展开是因为在美国大小的餐馆,你一坐下服务员就给你倒一杯水,然后加一打的冰块)。首先人体内的水必须是热的 (谁说人体的水是凉的,我就跟谁急),那么冰水进入身体,首先要消耗人体更多的阳气来把冰水转换为温水,然后才开始进入把水纳为己用的过程。对于人类普遍阳虚的今天,本身阳气已经不够的人们,喝冰水当然更有害。此处对于冰水对人体脾胃的伤害还没有展开谈。中医讲:脾主运化。脾是靠阳气来把水谷精微转化为五脏六腑需要的营养;胃是靠阳气来进行蠕动,一杯冰水下来,胃的蠕动速度马上变慢。总之,冰水对脾胃都伤,特别是伤脾阳。

 

    2. 现在这个社会,很多人都脾阳虚,(更有甚者,加上肾阳虚),这也是当今中医火神派大行其道的原因。要确定你是不是脾阳虚很简单,只要检查下舌苔,假设你的舌苔中部总是白色的话,吃了东西经常腹胀,大便经常不成形,那么你很有可能已经是脾阳虚了。中医讲:脾主湿。这种情况下,脾本身运化水的能力已经有所减弱,也就是说人体内有湿气,有一些废水;人体是一个很智能的系统,这种情况下,人体一般不会觉得渴,但是你硬要强灌八杯水,导致脾肾的负担都增大,而因为阳气不足,代谢不完全,导致体内的废水更多,所以走向了一个恶性循环。
 

    这个社会很多东西都是有商业利益在后的。最近网上很流行的土豪用的juicer,宣扬可以把果蔬打成分子级,以便于人体直接吸收。殊不知,大量的生冷瓜果蔬菜下去,不知道伤害多少体内的阳气。脾胃伤了,吸收又何从谈起呢?
 

    总之,自始至终,我们应该尊重自然,尊重身体。

 

How to drink water
 

  The Rumor: You must drink eight glasses of water a day. We’ve all heard it before: To have perfect health and perfect pores, you need a die-hard dedication to drinking water. In fact, everyone from our doctors to our favorite preachy fitness magazines says we need to down eight glasses a day.

 

  But is it true?

 

  Let me share my opinion from TCM/CCM perspective. 

Basically our opinion is : respect your body, if you feel thirsty, drink some water ( I mean water, better warm water, it should not be soda, or coffee, or coke). If not, don't drink.

 

  There are two reasons behind this suggestion: 1. Even pure water digestion will consume your energy, in TCM word, it's Yang Qi; and cold water will cost more Yang Qi to digest, because your body is warm, the first step of icy water digestion would be to heat the icy water into warm, not to mention the damage it gave to your stomach and spleen; 
 

  2. Nowadays, many people get spleen Yang Xu (sick, and lack of warmness or Yang Qi), to check it, just look your tongue in the mirror, if it gets a white (thick) coat, which means you are lack of YangQi in Spleen, or even kidney. It means you have problems in digesting water and there is wasted water in your body (湿气, wetness). So in this case, you already have wasted water, you should not drink more. Actually, in this case, you seldom feel thirsty. 

 

  To conclude, in TCM/CCM, we respect the nature, respect the body, if you feel thirsty, meaning it needs water, if not, don't drink, it will consume your Yang Qi (阳气,energy), and leave more wasted/dirty water on your body.

 

  Rachel 2014-3-17

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